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Politische Kunst des 20.Jahrhunderts aus der Sammlung Horvath

KŁnstlerbiographien

Hauptseite - Karl Marx - Lenin - Stalin - Adolf Hitler - Der Umbruch - Der Westen

Che Guevara - Fidel Castro - Mao Zedong


Stepan Michailowitsch Karpov: "Lenin". ÷l auf Malkarton, 39 x 28 cm. (Links)
Werner Horvath: "Karpoff's Lenin". Buntstifte auf Papier, 32 x 24 cm, 1996. (Rechts)


KŁnstler in alphabetischer Reihenfolge (in Englisch, da weitgehend aus der Literatur zitiert)

BOZHI, Mikhail Mikhailovich

Born in Nikolaev (Ukraine) 1911. Studied at Nikolaev Art Tekhnikum 1930-33. Active in Odessa, Ukraine. Began exhibiting 1937. Important shows include "All-Union Art Exhibition", Moscow, 1950; "All-Union art Exhibition", Moscow, 1951; "All-Union Art Exhibition, Moscow, 1952; "All-Union Art Exhibition", Moscow 1955. Specialised in portraits, genre paintings. Well-known works include Svetlana Shipunova, an Outstanding Student (1950); Kiev Museum of Ukrainian Art); A Nurse (1955; Kiev Museum of Ukrainian Art); My Thoughts, Thoughts (1959-60; Kiev Museum of Ukrainian Art). Became a Soviet academician 1958. Awarded title "People's Artist of the USSR" 1963. Leading Ukrainian realist.
(
Matthew Cullerne Bown: Russian and Soviet Painters. Ilomar, London)


BRODSKI, Isaak Izraelovich

Born in Sofievka, Ekaterinoslav pr (Ukraine), 1883(1884). Studied at Odessa Drawing School/Art College 1896(95?)-1902; Imperial ACADEMY OF ARTS 1902-08. Active in St.Petersburg/Petrograd/Leningrad (travelled in Western Europe 1909-11). Began exhiibiting 1904. Member of UNION OF RUSSIAN ARTISTS from 1910; KUINDZHI SOCIETY 1910s; AKhRR 1923-28. Exhibited with Imperial ACADEMY OF ARTS 1904-16; UNION OF RUSSIAN ARTISTS 1907-18; MOLKh 1908-09; WORLD OF ART 1911; TYuRKh; ITINERANTS 1914, 1916; COMMUNE OF ARTISTS 1920s; AKhRR 1925-28, REPIN SOCIETY; KUINDZHI SOCIETY 1929. Important shows include first IZDEBSKI SALON 1909-10; "ARTISTS OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION OVER FIFTEEN YEARS"; Leningrad, 1932; "ARTISTS OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION OVER FIFTEEN YEARS", Moscow, 1933; "Fifteen Years of the Workers' and Peasants' Red Army", Moscow, 1933; "Twenty Years of the Workers' and Peasants' Red Army", Moscow, 1938; "INDUSTRY OF SOCIALISM", Moscow, 1939. Specialised in landscapes and portraits before October 1917 revolution; painted many portraits of the political leaders 1920s-30s. Well-known works include The ceremonial Opening of the IInd Congress of the IIIrd KomIntern (1920-24; Historical Museum, Moscow); "The execution by Firing-Squad of the 26 Baku Commissars (1925; Baku Art Museum); several pictures of Lenin, notably Lenin in Smolny (1930; Historical Museum Moscow); Portrait of Gorki (1937; Tretyakov Gallery). Taught at INSTITUTE OF PAINTING, SCULPTURE AND ARCHITECTURE 1932-39 (rector 1934-39). Awarded order of Lenin 1934. Decorated festivals in Petrograd 1918. Officially-celebrated first-wave socialist realist painter; exponent of a highly-finished style; one of three painters who took tea with Stalin in summer of 1933; assembled a large collection of Russian and West European art. Died in Leningrad 1939.
(
Matthew Cullerne Bown: Russian and Soviet Painters. Ilomar, London)

Brodsky was a forefather of Socialist Realism, famous for his iconic portayals of Lenin and his idealized, carefully crafted paintings dedicated to the events of the Civil War and Bolshevik Revolution of 1917. From 1902 to 1908, he studied with the great genre and history painter Ilya Repin at the Imperial Academy of Arts in St. Petersburg. Brodsky was known before the Revolution for his observant salon portraits and landscapes, exhibiting from 1904 with the Wanderers and the World of Art. Throughout his career, he maintained the academy standards he absorbed as a student; thus he was able to reinstate tradtional methods and style s of painting at he reformed All-Russian Academy od Arts, Leningrad. Throughout his career, Brodsky openly acknowledged his Jewish heritage, and he was briefly involved in activities of the Jewish renaissance. In 1916, he became a member of the Jewish Society for the Encouragement of the Arts in Petrograd, contributing to both the Petrograd Exhibition of Jewish Artists and the Moscow Exhibition of Paintings and Sculpture by Jewish Artists in 1917-18. Mentioning incidents of pre-Revolution-ary anti-Semitism in his memoirs, he achnowledged the Soviet regime for recognizing him and his work. A member of AKhRR from 1924 through 1928, Brodsky painted numerous sympathetic portraits of Lenin from life and had no difficulty conforming to Bolshevik dictates.Ambitious in scale, composition, and theme, these portraits were regarded as landmarks. Their meticulous execution, based on research, sketches from life, and documentary photographs (a technique labeled "Brodsky-ism" by the artist's critics) caused Brodsky to be ejected from the AKhRR even though he was highly regarded by Stalin and members of the arts administration. During the 1930s he contributed to numerous exhibitions and had several solo shows. In 1932, Brodsky was named Honored Arts Worker of the RSFSR. He was named Professor (1932-39) and then - his final accolade - Director (1934-39) of the All-Russian Academy od Arts, Leningrad. In 1933, Brodsky was invited to join Alexander Gerasimov and Katsman to meet with Stalin and Kliment Voroshilov to discuss the Socialist Realist method. In 1937, Brodsky won a gold medal at the exposition Universelle in Paris. In 1949, his apartment was opened as a memorial museum.
(Russian Jewish Artists in a Century of Change 1890 - 1990", edited by S.T.Goodman, Prestel, Munich-New York, 1996)


GRIGOREV, Sergei Alekseevich

Born in Lugansk (Ukraine) 1910. Studied at Zaporozhe Arts and Crafts School 1923-26; Moscow VKHUTEMAS 1926-27; Kiev Art Institute 1928-32. Active in Kharkov, Ukraine, 1932-43; Kiev, Ukraine, thereafter. Began exhibiting 1932? Important shows include "Twenty Years of the Workers' and Peasatns' Red Army", Moscow, 1938; "INDUSTRY OF SOCIALISM", Moscow, 1939; "All-Union Art Exhibition", Moscow, 1947; "All-Union Art Exhibition", Moscow, 1949; "All-Union Art Exhibition", Moscow, 1950; "All-Union Art Exhibition", Moscow, 1951; "All- Union Art Exhiibition", Moscow, 1955. Known as a leading painter of everyday-life genre subjects late 1940s-early 1950s. Well-known works include Admission into the Komsomol (1949; Kiev Museum of Ukrainian Art); The Goalkeeper (1949; Tretyakov Gallery); Discussion of the Low Mark (1950; Tretyakov Gallery); He's Come Back (1954; Tretyakov Gallery). Taught at Kharkov Art Institute 1933-34; Kiev Art Institute from 1934; head of creative studios of USSR Academy of Arts, Kiev, from 1962. Became a Soviet academician 1953/54? Awarded STALIN PRIZES 1950, 1951; awarded the title "People's Artist of the USSR" 1974. Also a graphic artist. Died 1980s.
(
Matthew Cullerne Bown: Russian and Soviet Painters. Ilomar, London)


HORVATH, Werner

Radiologist, artist; b. Linz, Austria, Nov.13, 1949; s. Stefan and Maria (Pichler) H.; m. Ilse Beham, June 21, 1975; children: Patrick, Nina. MD, U. Vienna, 1975; Radiologist, KH Barmh. Bruder, Linz, Austria 1983; spl. diploma in radiology. Turnusarzt several hosps., Linz, Austria, 1975-78; asst. radiology KH Barmh. Br., Linz, Austria 1978-82; Oberarzt KH Barmh. Br. Linz, Austria 1983-88, Primarius, 1988-, authorized rep. radiation protection, 1988-, authorized rep. cont. edn., 1988-. Contbr. numerous articles to profl. jours.
Exhibns. include Galerie du Temple, Paris, 1994, Raika, Linz, Austria, 1994, 95, Galerie Zlaty Kriz, Budweis, 1995, 96, 97, Embassy of Czech Republic, Vienna, 1997, Virtual Museum of Political Art, internet, 1997, City Mus. Krumau. Czech Republik.
Mem. Austrian Soc. Radiology, Austrian Soc. Ultrasound, German Soc. Phlebology (Senator Putter prize 1982), Med. Soc. Upper Austria (auditor 1994-97).
Developed own art style called "New Constructivism" after the philosophical theory based on the works of Vico, Uexkull, Glasersfeld, and Watzlawick. Horvath tries to show in his paintings that the so-called reality is not so "real" at all, for the world we live in can be understood as constructed by several psychological mechanisms; most of his images deal with political problems. His internet project "Virtual Museum of Political Art" was awarded "Political Site of the Day" in May 1997 in Pennsylvania.
(Marquis Who'sWho in the World, 15th Edition, 1998, p.614);
(Marquis Who'sWho in the World, 16th Edition, 1999, p.708);
(Marquis Who'sWho in Medicine and Healthcare, 2nd Edition, 1999-2000, p.384).

Werner Horvath was born in Linz, Austria in 1949 and has been painting since his youth. His art-style turned from Phantastic Realism (1969-1975) slowly to New Constructivism, named after the philosophical theory, based on the works of Vico, Uexkull, Glasersfeld, Watzlawick and others.
In his paintings, Mr.Horvath tried to show that the so-called reality is not so "real" at all, for the world we live in can be understood as constructed by ourselves. For instance, colors do not really exist, but are products of the visual system and therefore are only "real" within our consciousness. Also forms of all kind have no reality outside our subjective world; on the contrary they are built up by several psychological mechanisms. And at last we have to take into consideration, that we live in a "symbolic world". We see Stalin not only as a politician who lived from 1879 to 1953, but also as a symbol of dictatorship and cruelty.
As precursors of his style Horvath names Giuseppe Arcimboldo and M.C.Escher. Most of Horvath's paintings are influenced by political events, deal with political and social problems, or express the artist's opinion on our society. His most important exhibitions are:
1994: "Icones politiques", Galerie du Temple, Paris, France; "Politische Ikonen", Raika, Linz, Austri; 1995: "Lide Ikony", Galerie Zlaty Kriz, C.Budejovice (Budweis), Czech Republik; "Different Neuro-Radiological Images", Raika, Linz, Austria; 1996: "Mittelpunkt Mensch", Galerie Zlaty Kriz, C.Budejovice (Budweis), Czech Republik; 1997: "Pain and Pleasure", Galerie Zlaty Kriz, C.Budejovice (Budweis), Czech Republik; "Ars politika", Embassy of the Czech Republik, Vienna, Austria; "Metamorphose", Siemens-Forum Linz, Austria; "Virtual Museum of Political Art", presentation of an Internet-project, Puchenau, Austria; "Rouge et Noir - L'Amour et la Mort", Casino Austria, Linz; 1998: "The Saints of the Brothers of St.John of God", Linz, Austria; "Political Art", City Museum of C.Krumlov (Krumau), Czech Republik; "Retrospective", Castle of Puchenau, Austria.
For the Internet-project "Virtual Museum of Political Art", first published in May 1997, re received numerous awards worldwide
(Five Hundred Leaders of Influence, American Biographical Institute, USA 1999)


IVANOV, Vasili Filippovich

Born 1928. Active in Moscow. Important shows include "SOVIET RUSSIA", Moscow, 1960.
(
Matthew Cullerne Bown: Russian and Soviet Painters. Ilomar, London)


KARPOV, Stepan Mikhailovich

Born in Orenburg 1890. Studied at Kazan Art School 1905-11; Imperial ACADEMY OF ARTS 1911-17; Petrograd FREE ART-EDUCATION STUDIOS/ACADEMY OF ARTS 1921-22. Active in Orenburg 1917-23; Moscow and St.Patersburg/Petrograd/lLeningrad thereafter. Began exhibiting 1916. Member of AKhR/R from 1922 (founder member). Exhibited with Imperial ACADEMY OF ARTS; AKhR/R 1923-29. Important shows include "ARTISTS OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION OVER FIFTEEN YEARS", Moscow, 1933 (posthumous). Taught in art studio, Orenburg, 1917-21. Died in Moscow 1929/30?
(Matthew Cullerne Bown: Russian and Soviet Painters. Ilomar, London)


KRIKHATZKIJ, Vladimir Gavrilovich

Born in Odessa (Ukraine) on June 8th, 1877. Active in Odessa. Died there on April 18th, 1942.


KUPRIYANOV; Mikhail Vasilevich

Born in Tetyushi, Kazan province (Tataria), 1903. Studied at the Turkestan Regional Art School, Tashkent, 1920-21; at the Moscow VKhuTeMas/VKhuTeIn 1921-29. Active in Moscow. Member of RAPKh. Important shows include "ARTISTS OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION OVER FIFTEEN YEARS", Moscow, 1933; "All Union Art Exhibition", Moscow, 1946; "All Union Art Exhibition", Moscow, 1952. Specialised in landscapes. Best known as a member of the Kukryniksy trio of graphic artists from 1924. Became a Soviet academician 1947. Awarded Stalin Prizes 1942, 1947, 1949, 1950, 1951 (all as amember of the Kukryniksy); awarded two Orders of Lenin. Died in Moscow 1991/92?
(
Matthew Cullerne Bown: Russian and Soviet Painters. Ilomar, London)


LAKTIONOV, Aleksandr Ivanovich

Born in Rostov-on-Don 1910. Studied at Rostov-on-Don Art School 1926-29; INSTITUTE OF PAINTING, SCULPTURE AND ARCHITECTURE 1932-38; as a post.grad. 1938-44. Active in Leningrad until 1940; Zagorsk, Moscow reg. 1944-48; Moscow thereafter. Began exhibiting 1929. Important shows include "Twenty Years of the Workers' and Peasants' Red Army", Moscow, 1938; "INDUSTRY OF SOCIALISM", Moscow 1939; "All Union Art Exhibition", Moscow, 1946; "All Union Art Exhibition", Moscow, 1947; "All Union Art Exhibition", Moscow, 1949; "All Union Art Exhibition", Moscow, 1952; "All Union Art Exhibition", Moscow, 1955; "SOVIET RUSSIA", Moscow, 1960. Well known works include Hero of the Soviet Union N.V.Yudin visiting KomSoMol Tank Troops (1938; Academy of Arts Museum, St.Petersburg); A Letter from the Front (1947; Tretyakov Gallery; later versions in various collections); Into a new Flat (1952; Donetsk Art Museum). Taught at INSTITUTE OF PAINTING, SCULPTURE AND ARCHITECTURE 1936-44; Moscow Correspondance Teacher-Training Institute 1967(66?)-70(72?). Became a Soviet academician 1949. Awarded Stalin Prize 1948. The favourite pupil of I.I.Brodski; arch exponent of the highly-finished post-war style of socialist realism. Died in Moscow 1972.
(
Matthew Cullerne Bown: Russian and Soviet Painters. Ilomar, London)


LOMYKIN, Konstantin Matveeich

Born in Glukhovo, Sumy pr., Ukraine, 1924. Studied at Odessa Art College 1946-51. Active in Odessa, Ukraine. Began exhibiting 1951. Important shows include "All-Union Art Exhibition", Moscow 1951; "All-Union Art Exhibition", Moscow 1952. Specialised in ballet subjects. Well-known Odessa realist. Died 1994.
(Matthew Cullerne Bown: Russian and Soviet Painters. Ilomar, London)


NESTERENKO, Aleksei Konstantinovich

Born 1911. Studied at Kiev Art Institute 1934-40. Specialised in history subjects. Died 1942.
(
Matthew Cullerne Bown: Russian and Soviet Painters. Ilomar, London)


PARKHET, Petr Panteleimonovich

Born in Odessa (Ukraine) 1907. Studied at Odessa Art Institute 1928-31. Active in Odessa. Member of ARMU. Important shows include "All-Union Art Exhibition", Moscow, 1947; "All-Union Art Exhibition", Moscow, 1950. Taught on preparatory art courses, Odessa, 1931-41. Also a graphic artist.
(
Matthew Cullerne Bown: Russian and Soviet Painters. Ilomar, London)


PAVLYUK, Nikolai Artemevich

Born in Gaisin, Vinnitsa pr. (Ukraine), 1901. Studied at Odessa Art Institute until 1930. Active in Odessa, Ukraine. Member of ARMU. Taught on preparatory art courses in Kiev and Odessa 1930-70. Also a monumentalist. Died 1980s.
(
Matthew Cullerne Bown: Russian and Soviet Painters. Ilomar, London)


RIEGER, T.

Active in Nationalsocialist era. No further information available.


RUSIN, Arkadi Victorovich

Born in Odessa, Ukraine, 1926. Studied at Odessa Art College until 1947; Repin Institute until 1953. Active in Odessa.


SHOVKUNENKO, Aleksei Alekseevich

Born in Kherson (Ukraine), 1884. Studied at Odessa Art College 1901-08; Imperial ACADEMY OF ARTS 1909-17. Active in Odessa, Ukraine; Kiev, Ukraine. Began ehibiting 1900s. Member of TYuRKh; KONSTANDI SOCIETY 1924-29. Exhibited with TYuRKh 1913-19. Important shows include "INDUSTRY OF SOCIALISM", Moscow, 1939; "All-Union Art Exhibition", Moscow, 1946; "All-Union Art Exhibition", Moscow, 1947; "All-Union Art Exhibition", Moscow, 1951; "All-Union Art Exhibition", Moscow, 1955. Specialised in landscapes, portraits, especially in watercolour. Taught at Odessa Polytekhnikum of Visual Arts/Art Institute/Art College 1926-35/36?; Kiev Art Institute 1936-63/64? Became a Soviet academician. Awarded Order of Lenin: the title "People's Artist of the USSR" 1944. Died in Kiev, Ukraine, 1974.
(Matthew Cullerne Bown: Russian and Soviet Painters. Ilomar, London)


SHPOLYANSKI, Grigori Efimovich

Born in Aleksandriya, Kherson pr.(Ukraine), 1899. Studied at Odessa Art College 1936-41. Active in Odessa, Ukraine. Important shows include "All Union Art Exhibition", Moscow, 1955. Died c. 1980.
(
Matthew Cullerne Bown: Russian and Soviet Painters. Ilomar, London)


STEHLIK, Karel

Born on May 21st, 1912 in Milevsko, Czechoslovakia. Official painter of the state in former Czechoslovakia. Died in 1987.


TOKAREV, Vyacheslav Vasilevich

Born in Tula pr. 1917. Studied at Ryazan Art College 1934-38; INSTITUTE OF PAINTING; SCULPTURE AND ARCHITECTURE/REPIN INSTITUTE 1939-48. Active in Odessa, Ukraine. Began exhibiting 1948. Taught at Odessa Art College 1949-55.
(
Matthew Cullerne Bown: Russian and Soviet Painters. Ilomar, London)


TROKHIMENKO, Karp Demyanovich

Born in Sushchany, Kiev pr. (Ukraine), 1885. Studied at Kiev Art College 1902-10 (some interruption of study); I.I.Mashkov's studio-school, Moscow 1906; MOSCOW COLLEGE OF PAINTING, SCULPTURE AND ARCHITECTURE 1906-07; Imperial ACADEMY OF ARTS 1910-16. Active in Kiev, Ukraine. Member of AKhChU 1926-29(31?). Important shows include "Twenty Years of the Workers' and Peasant's Red Army", Moscow, 1938; "All-Union Art Exhibition", Moscow, 1946; "All-Union Art Exhibition", Moscow, 1947. Taught at Kiev Art School 1926-33; Kiev Art Institute 1930s-50s. Died c. 1980.
(
Matthew Cullerne Bown: Russian and Soviet Painters. Ilomar, London)


VLADIMIROV, Ivan Alekseevich

Born in Vilno (Lithuania) 1869. Studied at Vilno Drawing School 1888; at Imperial ACADEMY OF ARTS 1891-93; in Paris; awarded rank "artist" 1897. Active in St.Petersburg/Petrograd/Leningrad. Member of SOCIETY OF RUSSIAN WATERCOLOURISTS; COMRADESHIP OF ARTISTS (founder member); KUINDZHI SOCIETY 1910s; AKhRR (Leningrad branch) 1923-28. Exhibited with Imperial ACADEMY OF ARTS; ITINERANTS 1916, 1918; AKhRR 1923-29. Important shows include "Fifteen Years of the Workers' and Peasants' Red Army", Moscow 1933; "Twenty Years of the Workers' and Peasants' Red Army", Moscow, 1938. Well-known works include Down with the Eagle! (1917; Museum of the Revolution, St.Petersburg). Taught at Petrograd/Leningrad Arts and Crafts Tekhnikum from 1922. Painted some of the earliest works inspired by the October 1917 revolution. Died in Leningrad 1947.
(
Matthew Cullerne Bown: Russian and Soviet Painters. Ilomar, London)


VLADIMIRSKI, Boris Eremeevich (Ieremeevich)

Born in Kiev (Ukraine) 1878. Studied at signpainting from 1888; at N.I.Murashko's Kiev Drawing School c. 1898; Kiev Art College 1900/01?-1904; Academy of Arts and A. Azbe's school, Munich, 1904-08. Active in Muniche; Ekatorinoslav c. 1917; Moscow. Began exhibiting 1906? Member of AKhRR from 1922. Exhibited with ITINERANTS 1922; AKhRR 1922-29. Importants shows include "ANTI-IMPERIALIST EXHIBITION", Moscow 1931; "ARTISTS OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION OVER FIFTEEN YEARS"; Moscow, 1933; "Fifteen Years of the Workers' and Peasants' Red Army", Moscow 1933; "Twenty Years of the Workers' and Peasants' Red Army", Moscow, 1938. Taught at polytechnic institute, Ekaterinoslav, c. 1917. Also a graphic artist. Died in Moscow 1950.
(
Matthew Cullerne Bown: Russian and Soviet Painters. Ilomar, London)


Hauptseite - Karl Marx - Lenin - Stalin - Adolf Hitler - Der Umbruch - Der Westen

Che Guevara - Fidel Castro - Mao Zedong